The Karnataka Folk Museum is also named as the Janapada Loka. It is located on Bangalore – Mysore Highway. The Karnataka Folk Museum stands out for its content. Since it is managed by the Janapada Trust, it is named as the Janapada Loka. Many people from India and from abroad visit the place. It seems that it gives huge importance ot dance and forms and music as well. It shows diverse folk life of Karnataka.The museum is surrounded by trees, and it is spread over 15 acres. The Museum consists of three buildings; they are Lokamahal, Chitrakuteera and Lokamatha Mandira. Lokamahal:Collection of folk instruments, puppets, masks, utensils, weapons, etc are displayed here. Lokamatha Mandira:Wide collection of utensils, baskets and earthen jars are exhibited here. Chitrakuteera:The third building, it displays numerous photographs, which shows us the various aspects of folk life. Unique masks, colorful artifacts, costumes, etc. are displayed here. The huge Temple chariot is one of the beautiful places here. There are also a wonderful amphitheatre and a recording studio, and the lake is situated here. Children would love to visit this place. The Museum also offers courses like folk life studies in Karnataka. The Museum remains open from Wednesday to Monday, from morning 9 am to 5:30 pm. The other building, Including College, and a recording studio dedicated to folk life. Your visit to Karnataka Folk Museum will add to your knowledge. #Divya Reddy
Berlin is the capital city of Germany; it is associated with world war history and it is rich with its culture. The city also hosts annual festivals such as the Long Night of the Museums, Carnival of Cultures and the glamorous Berlin Film Festival. There are many tourist attractions in Berlin. Tiergarten is one of the best tourist attractions. Tiergaten is a German word, tier-animal and garten-park. The Tiergarten is located in central Berlin; it is an urban park. It is one of the Berlin’s best known parks. The famous landscape architect Peter Joseph Lenne has transformed Tierpark into an English style between 1833 and 1838. Tiergarten History: The former hunting ground is also one of the best known parks. The park is located next to the Brandenburg gate. The former hunting is located next to Tiergarten (Animal Park). The park is surrounded by a street circle. During the world war the park was used as a vegetable garden. It is now the official residence of the President of Germany. It is one of the most popular zoos in Europe. Visitors come here for a jog; it is also a picnic spot. There is also a lake inside the park; it is even possible to skate. During winter the lake Nuer See can freeze up and it becomes as a winter landscape and during summer it becomes as a Restaurant and Biergarten (Beer Garden). A large playground (Spiel Platz) is also located here. The Regierungsviertel, Potsdamer Platz and the Kulturforum as well as the Diplomatenviertel are also located inside the park. The park is also known for the outdoor activities. Near the Tiergarten, there is a collection of several gas lanterns from Berlin and other cities are displayed. By :Divya
Kodaikanal is a city in the hills of the Dindigul district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. Kodaikanal is located on a plateau above the southern escarpment of the upper Palani Hills at 2,133 metres above sea level. Kodaikanal hills form the eastward spur of the Western Ghats on the Western side of South India. North of the town, slopes down into the villages of Pallangi and Vilpatti. East of the hill slopes less into the lower Palanis. On the west is a plateau leading to Manjampatti Valley, the Anamalai Hills and the main body of the Western Ghats. How to reachAll the distances from Kodaikanal are calculated with the lake as the central point of reference. AirThe nearest airports, Madurai is around 135 KM, Coimbatore is around 170 KM and Trichy is around 200 KM. RailThe nearest railway stations, Palani Station is around 64 KM north, Kodaikanal Road Station is around 80 KM south east and Dindigul Junction is around 100 KM east. BusBuses are available from the Madurai Aarappalayam bus stand. The first bus in the morning leaves at 2:30 AM and there are no buses after 5 PM in the evening. RoadThe 2 to 3 hours drive to Kodaikanal via the steep and winding Ghat roads from Batlagundu or Palani is mind blowing and a memorable experience. Travellers can stop at turnouts on the road and enjoy the scenic beauty of the Palani Hills. There is also a 28 km shortcut from Periyakulam to Kodaikanal via Kumbakarai. HistoryThe earliest residents of Kodaikanal were the Palaiyar tribal people. The earliest specific references to Kodaikanal and the Palani Hills are found in the Tamil Sangam literature of the early Common era. Kodaikanal Hill Station is developed by the Americans. During 1821, Lieutenant B. S. Ward, a British surveyor, was the first European to visit Kodaikanal, while looking for a healthy place to live. The early visitors to Kodaikanal, travelled by horse, bullock cart or palanquin. The forest was infested by robbers and wild animals. It became very popular with the elite families, because of the wonderful climate and clean air. In 1834, the Collector of Madurai climbed up from Devadanapatti and built a small bungalow at Kodaikanal. In the second half of the 19th century, churches and other colonial structures started popping up. In 1863, Sir Vere Hendry Levinge, the Collector of Madurai, created the 60 acres Kodai Lake by damming three streams flowing through. A boat club was formed in Kodaikanal in 1890. Since May 1929, the club has permitted tourists to join the club as temporary members and avail of boating facilities. Many of the ruling princes built summer holiday-homes. Kodaikanal developed slowly, but steadily. The extension of the railway line from Chennai to Tirunelveli (598 KM) made Kodaikanal accessible and popular. A station was built at Ammainayakkanur around 80 KM from Kodaikanal. The first steam engine arrived in 1875. Road construction was completed in 1914, but was opened to the public only two years later in 1916 and general public and tourists started flocking the area in large numbers. Places of Interest The Lake: The 24-hectare lake skirted by a 5 km long black tar road, is the focal point in Kodai. This lake was created in 1863 by Sir Vere Hendry Levinge (1819-1885). He constructed the bund to form a lake and stocked the lake with fish. Bryant's park: This park is situated on the eastern side of the lake. It is noted for its flowers, both hybrids and grafts. Cut flowers are exported from here. A glass house which shelters different varieties of flowers can be seen here. The Flower Show is conducted every year during May, as part of the Summer Festivals. Green Valley View: It is located around 5 kms from the Kodaikanal lake and close to the golf club. You can have a magnificent view of the Vaigai dam from here. Pillar Rocks: There is a set of 3 rocks which stand 122 metres high. It is located around 7 kms from Kodai lake. Coakers Walk: Er. Coaker identified this hill-edged pathway in 1872. It is about a KM from the lake, Coaker's Walk runs along a steep slope on the southern side of Kodaikanal. You can have some of the best views of the plains from here. Kurinji Andavar Temple: The temple is situated around 3 kms from the lake and is a famous shrine dedicated to Lord Muruga. This temple is associated with the Kurinji flowers that bloom once in 12 years. Kurinji means the hilly region in Tamil literature and Andavar means god. Therefore, Lord Muruga is referred to as the God of the Hill. From this temple you can have a distant view of Palani and Vaigai Dam. Moier Point: IT provides a lovely view of the valley. It is just 3 kms from the Pillar rocks Berijam Lake road. Silent Valley View: In the Pillar Rocks and the Berijam Lake Road, is the Silent Valley View, which provides a breathtaking view of Silent Valley. Berijam Lake View: You can have a panoramic landscape view of Berijam Lake. This is 19 kms from Kodaikanal Lake. Chettiar Park: The Chettiar park is a charming place in the northeastern corner of the town on the way to the Kurinji Andavar temple,. It has over 300 species of exotic orchids are housed here. It is about 5.6 kms the lake. Father Ugarthe, a Spaniard contributed his many private collections to the museum. By Premji
Munnar is a town and hill station located in the Idukki district in the Indian state of Kerala. Munnar is situated at around 1,600 metres (5,200 ft) above sea level in the Western Ghats range of mountains. The town is typically traditional with the real culture of Kerala depicted even in the usual shops, guest houses and is really beautiful. This hill station was once the summer resort of the erstwhile British Government in South India. Sprawling tea plantations, winding lanes and holiday facilities has made this place a popular resort town. The exotic flora found in the forests and grasslands here is the Neelakurinji (strobilanthus), which bathes the hills in blue once in every twelve years. Munnar situates in10.091234 Lattitude and 77.060051 Longitude. The name Munnar is believed to have derived from the confluence of three rivers viz. Mudhirapuzha, Nallathanni and Kundaly rivers. Munnar town is situated on the Kannan Devan Hills village in the Devikulam Taluk in the Idukki district. The tourist season is from August to March. The temperature varies from a minimum of 0⁰C to a maximum of 28⁰C. Warm clothes and rain gear are required when visiting Munnar. How to reach Air: Cochin International airport, also known as Nedumbassery Airport and CIAL is the nearest airport. It is around 110 km away from Munnar. Rail: The nearest railway station is Aluva, which is at a distance of 110 km. Ernakulam railway station is 130 km and the Madurai railway station is 135km away from Munnar. Bus: There are many buses plying to Munnar, from the nearest districts. Kochi – It takes around 3.5 to 4.5 hours. Buses are available from Kochi between 6AM-6PM. Last bus leaves at 17:50 from KSRTC Interstate Bus Terminus. Aluva – This is the nearest bus station from the Cochin International Airport. It will take around 4 hrs retouch Munnar and around 3 to 3.5 hrs to come back from Munnar to Aluva. Alappuzha – There are three direct services daily and the traveling time will be around 5 hours. There are also buses plying from Coimbatore and Pollachi. Distance from the major cities towards Munnar is as below. 1. Cochin - 130 km2. Madurai - 135 km3. Aluva - 110 km4. Alleppey - 180 km5. Kumarakom - 140 km6. Thekkady - 106 km7. Pollachi - 120 km8. Coimbatore - 160 km9. Tirunelveli - 255 km Places to visit Eravikulam National Park: The park is famous for its endangered inhabitant, Nilgiri Tahr. It is spread over an area of 97 sq. km. This park is famous for the several species of rare butterflies, animals and birds. This is a great place for trekking and can have a magnificent view of the tea plantations and panoramic vision of the rolling hills caressed by blankets of mists. The park is a hot destination when the hill slopes to get covered in a carpet of blue, resulting from the flowering of Neelakurinji, which happens once in 12 years. Anamudi Peak: This is located inside the Eravikulam National Park. This is the highest peak in south India standing at a height of over 2700 m. Treks to the peak are allowed with the permission from the Forest and Wildlife authorities at Eravikulam. Mattupetty: It is located about 13 km from Munnar Town, at a height of 1700 m above sea level, it is known for its storage masonry dam and the beautiful lake, which offers boat rides, can enjoy the surrounding hills and landscape. Mattupetty is famous for the dairy farm run by the Indo-Swiss Livestock Project, where one would come across different high yielding breeds of cows. Pallivasal: It is located at about 3 km from Chithirapuram in Munnar is the venue of the first Hydroelectric project in Kerala and is favoured by visitors as a picnic spot.Chinnakanal & Anayirangal: Chinnakanal waterfalls are popularly known as Power House Waterfalls, which cascades down a steep rock 2000 m above sea level. The spot is enriched with the scenic view of the Western Ghat ranges. Anayirangal, which is 22 km from Munnar, is a lush green carpet of tea plants. Anayirangal dam is surrounded by tea plantations and evergreen forests. Top Station: This is about 32 km from Munnar is at a height of 1700 m above sea level. Travellers to Munnar make it a point to visit Top Station to enjoy the panoramic view it offers of the neighbouring state of Tamil Nadu. Tea Museum: Munnar has a legacy of its own regarding the origin and evolution of tea plantations. To preserve and showcase some of the exquisite and interesting aspects of the genesis and growth of tea plantations in Kerala's high ranges, a museum exclusively for tea was opened by Tata Tea in Munnar. This Tea Museum houses curios, photographs and machineries. People who would like to shop for natural products, this destination is a heaven. You can buy various spices like ginger, cardamom, pepper, cinnamon, coffee, clove, nutmeg etc. You can get homemade chocolates. Just enjoy the white, dark, liqueur filled chocolates with nuts. You can also have an elephant safari which takes you through the misty forests, deep valleys and the rugged hill paths of the Munnar forests. The features of this package are, elephant bath, elephant shower, elephant feeding, timber dragging demonstrations and displays of elephant commands and communication. By Premji
Kanyakumari is the southern most district of India in the state of Tamilnadu. Kanyakumari is situated between 77o 15' and 77o 36' of the eastern longitudes and 8o 03' and 8o 35' of the Northern Latitudes. It shares the boundary with Tirunelveli District on the North and the east, Gulf of Mannar in the South East, in the South and the South West are Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea and in the West and North West it is bound by Thiruvananthapuram district of Kerala. Kanyakumari is the southern tip of the Cardamom Hills, an extension of the Western Ghats range through the west coast of India. Kanniyakumari is 705 kms from Chennai the capitol city of the state of Tamilnadu. Kanyakumari is famous for its incomparable geographical location of not only it’s the land’s end of the Indian sub-continent, but also for the confluence of Three seas viz. Arabian sea, Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal. Here, Bay of Bengal meets the Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea. A dip in the ‘Triveni Sangam’ (confluence of the three seas) is considered to be very auspicious. How to reach Thiruvananthapuram airport in the state of Kerala is the nearest airport, which is around 90 KM from Kanyakumari. Popular airlines alike Air India, IndiGo, Jet Airways, Qatar Airways, Etihad, Oman Air, Air Arabia and Kuwait Airways have excellent connectivity to different cities of India and other countries from this airport.Kanyakumari is well connected with railways. The nearest major railway station is Thiruvananthapuram railway station in the state of Kerala, which is connected to almost all the major cities in India.Kanyakumari is also well connected by road. There are many buses plying to the nearest major cities which are operated by government agencies as well as private transporters. History Previously Kanyakumari district was the part of the erstwhile Travancore state. In 1835, when the state was divided, this area became the part of Southern division and was placed under the jurisdiction of Dewan Peishkar of Kottayam. In July 1949, when the United States of Travancore and Cochin was formed, the present Kanniyakumari district continued to be a part of Thiruvananthapuram district of Kerala State. The people of Agasteeswarem, Thovalai, Kalkulam and Vilavancode Taluks, were predominantly Tamil speaking. They agitated for the merger of this area with Madras State. The States Reorganisation Commission also recommended this and accordingly, the States Reorganisation Act, 1956 was passed and the Kanyakumari District was formed on 1st November 1956 , with the four Taluks, Viz., Agasteeswarem, Thovalai, Kalkulam and Vilavancode and merged with Tamilnadu. Mythology Kanyakumari is a popular pilgrim centre and named after goddess ‘Parvati’, wife of lord ‘Shiva’. ‘Kumari Amman’ a temple is dedicated to virgin goddess Kanyakumari (kanya – ‘lady’, kumari – ‘virgin’). Kanyakumari has great spiritual significance for Hindus. It’s dedicated to the goddess Devi Kanya, an incarnation of Parvati. Pilgrims come here to visit the Kanyakumari temple and bath in the Triveni sangamam. The legend says that the Asuras got supremacy over the Devas, which led to Adharma, ignorance and injustice. Banasura, the king of demons, drove away Devas from heaven and meted out cruel punishments to saints. Due to the agony, Mother Earth sought the help of Lord Vishnu, the Protector of the Universe. The Lord advised that the Devas to pray to Parashakti, who alone is capable of destroying Banasura. Devas performed Yagna to please the Goddess, who appeared before them and promised to annihilate the evil forces. She came to Kanyakumari in the form of a Virgin girl and began her penance. Meanwhile, Lord (of nearby Suchindram temple) fell in love with her and arrangements were made for their marriage. The divine sage Narad realized that this marriage will destroy the chances of annihilating Banasura, because it was pre-ordinated by Brahma that the demon king could be killed only by a Virgin. Narad decided to stop this marriage. He met both Goddess, Kanya and Lord Shiva and asked them to be ready for the marriage, which has to take place at an auspicious hour at midnight. On the date of marriage Lord Shiva started from Suchindram to Kanyakumari, for the marriage at the auspicious time without missing it. As the Lord reached Vazukkamparai, five kilometers south of Suchindram, Narada assumed the form of a cock and crowed falsely, heralding the break of dawn. Thinking that the auspicious hour for this marriage was over, Lord returned to Suchindram. The Goddess decided to remain Virgin ever after. All the food items prepared for the divine wedding were turned into sand. Small pebbles, resembling rice and the multi-coloured sands are found abundantly on the shore, are believe to be attributed to the above incident. Bansura heard about the beauty of the Virgin Goddess and requested her hand in marriage. When the Goddess spurned the idea, the demon king decided to win her by force. A fierce battle ensued that the Goddess killed the demon with her Chakrayudha. This relieved Devas and they expressed their gratitude to the Goddess and returned blessed. Places to visit Kanyakumari Temple: The legend of this temple is related to the above mythology. The temple is dedicated to the virgin goddess Kanniyakumari, Parvati who stands guard over the country, the temple is built at the spot where the goddess is believed to have waited for her consort Lord Shiva to come and claim her hand in marriage. Vivekananda Memorial: This was built on the Vivekananda Rock where Swami Vivekananda meditated and transformed himself. The unique, structure was built in 1970 by the Vivekananda Rock Memorial Trust and is a blend of various Indian architectural styles. Thiruvalluvar Statue: Thiruvalluvar, is the author of the Thirukkural. Thirukkural is regarded as a renowned work, eulogised as a directory of the code of conduct and ethics to humanity. Through 1330 couplets, the revered poet deals with the general administration and codified and gave clear-cut directions to mankind on how they should behave and act in a social, political, religious and family circles. Gandhi Memorial: Gandhi Mandapam has been constructed at the spot where the ashes of Mahatma Gandhi were kept in an urn for public view before a portion of it was immersed into the confluence of the three seas, Triveni sangamam, in 1948. Every year on Gandhiji's birthday, the 2nd October, the sun's rays falls on the exact spot where the urn was displayed before immersion. Government Museum: The Museum contains bronzes, coins, tribal objects, wood carvings and zoological and botanical specimens, Temple Car made from Samythoppu and whale bones from Manavalakurichi in Kanniyakumari District. Vattakottai or the Circular Fort: A granite fort, which is situated around 6 KM northeast of Kanniyakumari, forms the terminal of the ramparts known as the South Travancore lines built by Travancore King Marthanda Varma. Suchindram: The Suchindram Sthanumalayan temple is situated around 13 KM from Kanyakumari and is dedicated to Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu and Lord Brahma. There are musical pillars and a huge 18-ft high Hanuman statue as the proof of the artistic skill of the 9th Century A.D. artisans. There is also a unique bas-relief carving of Vinayaki or the Female Vinayaka. Udayagiri Fort: This is situated around 34 KM from Kanyakumari. King Marthanda Varma built this fort in the 18th century. The most trusted general of the king, the Dutch General De Lennoy’s grave lies within the fort. Padamanabhapuram Palace: Padmanapuram or the City of Lord Vishnu is an ancient historical town which is situated around 45 KM from Kanniyakumari. Padmanapuram was an ancient Capital of the Travancore rulers until 1798 A.D. The palace is spread over an area of 6 acres. The palace is known for its antiques, including the armoury of the royal family. By Premji
From North Ireland to London to Venice, You feel the connection between Sea, earth, and Sky, which is missing in Steel, Concrete, and soulless America. Why Europe is far better than America? 1. Community over Convenience. Except in Great Britain, nowhere in Europe do people rush in. Especially in nations like Croatia, people would sit down together in cafeterias and exchange the words, while admiring the nature. Imagine a cool morning under the beaming sun with a cup of coffee surrounded by the pleasant nature. And the typical morning in U.S.A: A rough dawn in the concrete jungle (human zoo is a better word), morning is a warning and a wakeup call for your day battle. 2. Europeans eat well, but eat less. one of my friend told that if one eats Pizza in Paris, it is horrible, though the Pizza is from Paris (it’s his personal opinion). The standard Italian breakfast is a flaky, butter-laden croissant and a rich, foamy, whole-milk 6-oz. cappuccino. No one spares olive oil on a salad or a plate of fresh pasta. It’s a basic essential of Italian life. Since many love to be pedestrians, the calories are burned off and will be good on the stylish heels. 3. Europeans are more relaxed. At times, it was irritating to find so many businesses (outside the main tourist districts, anyway) shuttered between 1 and 4 p.m. If you didn’t eat lunch by 2:00, you couldn’t find an open restaurant until 7:00 or 7:30. The always-on, always-open nature of American commercial culture is simply not the norm in Europe, even in the sophisticated, modern cities. In the oppressive heat of Rome in late June, it was easy to see the practicality of the ‘siesta’ tradition. A sluggish, heat-induced pall hung over the whole city, and those who were smart retreated behind thick stone walls to rest and rejuvenate. On Sundays, nearly everything is shut. Europeans learn to plan ahead so they can enjoy their culturally mandated – and embraced — leisure time.
Pochampally is a small village situated in the district of Nalgonda in the state of Telengana, India. The village is around 45 KM from Hyderabad, capital city of Telengana. It is near to the famous Ramoji Film city. Pochampally is surrounded by hills and lush green fields. Pochampally is the place where threads and colours find their way into the hands of skillful weavers and meander into the market as beautiful sarees and dress materials. Pochampally is a typical weaving village. History 18th April 1951 was an historic day of the very genesis of the Bhoodan movement. Vinoba Bhave visited Pochampally mandal in Nalgonda district. Vinayak Narahari Bhave was known as Vinoba Bhave who was an advocate for nonviolence and human rights and is well known for his Bhoodan Movement to help the landless farmers. The organizers had arranged Vinoba's stay at Pochampally, a small village with about 700 families, in which two-third were landless. Pochampally villagers gave Vinoba a warm welcome. Seeing the plight of landless villagers, Vinoba inquired whether anything is possible to do, if it is not possible to get land from the government. Vedre Ramchandra Reddy, the local landlord got up and said that he is ready to donate 250 acres. This incident neither planned nor imagined was the very genesis of the Bhoodan movement and it made Vinoba realize that there is some potentiality in solving the land problem of India. This movement later on developed into a village gift or Gramdan movement. As such the huge, massive and magnificent movement called Bhoodan Movement was born at this village Pochampally, the village was renamed to Bhoodan Pochampally. Temple Markandeswar temple: In Pochampally there is a famous temple named Markandeswar Temple which is dedicated to Lord Shiva in the form in which Lord Shiva has blessed Markandeya and saved him from Yama the Lord of Death. The temple is situated near the market. Handlooms (Handloom Industry in Pochampally) Pochampally has traditional looms, whose design is more than a century-old. Basking under the glory on par with the weavers of other places, Pochampally weave is popularly known as tie and dye weave. The uniqueness lies in the transfer of design and colouring onto warp and weft threads first and then weaves them together. The fabric is usually cotton, silk and sico - a mix of silk and cotton. Increasingly, the colours themselves are from natural sources and their blends. The consumer-weaver interactions provide inputs for new designs. The weavers from the older and new generation have shown resilience and adapted themselves to the changing tastes of the consumers. Training in Handloom weaving Chenetha Gurukulam (School for training in handloom weaving) has been started with the spirit of introducing & handing over the ancient art to the world. With experienced Gurus here popularly known as Master Weavers, the Gurukulam teaches the entire process of Weaving since from its inception to Ready to wear condition. The Gurukulam comprises different programs with multiple course durations. Dyeing (Process of yarn dyeing in Bhoodan Pochampally) In Pochampally dyeing is done with tie and dies technique, in which the warp, weft or both are tie-dyed before weaving to create designs on the finished fabric. Great care must be taken in tying resist areas with water repellent material such as bicycle inner tubes cut into strips. The precision of the wrapping determines the clarity of the design. After wrapping, the warp threads are dyed. When finished and unwrapped, the areas under the ties have stayed the original colour. Numerous colours can be added after additional wrappings. Designs generally are worked out on graph paper. Since designs are already incorporated in the threads, great care is to be taken while putting the warp on the loom. Keeping all the threads in position is necessary for the design to work. The natural movement during weaving gives designs a feathered edge which characterizes this technique. Weaving Pochampally handlooms are well known for the durability of the colours used in the yarn. The mixture of colour gives the durability. The count used in weaving gives the softness and hardness of the fabric. Count means the number of threads used in the length and breadth for weaving known as warp and weft respectively. Each and every thread of the Pochampally saree is hand woven. In Pochampally frame looms are used for weaving. Here each weaver works from home with all the family members helping in different processes. May be, the grandmother will be winding bobbins, while the wife is marking out the design on warp threads and the husband is weaving on a loom in the main living area. Their life revolves around weaving. Decline of Handloom Industry Once famous Pochampally Handloom products are now becoming extinct due to the low wages prevailing in the industry. Previously Pochampally was full of talented weavers who used to do magic in the looms to produce the best handloom products. Now you can see very small number of weavers is actually in the profession. It is very much required to preserve and support handloom industry. The new generation has to be initiated into this industry, for which the working environment and the returns are to be improved. There must be a targeted campaign in the internet to make the world know the specialty of the Pochampally handlooms. The artisan’s creativity has to be exhibited to the world and thus Pochampally handloom brand can survive. The beauty and comfort of the handloom textiles are to be experienced. By Premji
Sambalpur is a city in Sambalpur district in the Indian state of Orissa. It lies at a distance of 321 km from the state capital Bhubaneswar. Sambalpur is the headquarters and the largest city of Sambalpur district. It is also the commercial capital of Western Orissa. The District is surrounded by Deogarh District in the East, Bargarh and Jharsuguda Districts in the West, Sundargarh District in the North and Sonepur and Angul Districts in the South. Sambalpur derives its name from Goddess Samaleswari, an incarnation of Shakti and the presiding deity of the Samaleswari Temple located in the city which is one of the major tourist attractions. Sambalpur derives its name from that of the Goddess Samalei who is regarded as the reigning deity of the region. In history, it has also been known as 'Sambalaka'. Sambalpur has been a great centre of diamond trade. Kendu leaf (Diospyros Melanoxylon) is also produced in Sambalpur. Tendu leaf is one of the most important non–wood forest products of Sambalpur and is also called as green gold of Odisha.Sambalpur celebrates many beautiful festivals round the year. Sital Sasthi is observed in the month of June. This festival is the marriage ceremony of Lord Shiva and Parvati. Nuakhai is the most important social festival. Bhaijiuntia festival is celebrated on the Mahastami Day of Durga Puja. The Puajiuntia festival is observed by mothers to invoke the grace of Lord Dutibahana for the long life and prosperity of their sons. Other religious festivals which are observed include Shiva Ratri, Dola Yatra, Durga Puja, Janmanstami, Diwali, Ganesh Puja and Saraswati Puja. Sambalpur District experiences extreme type of climate with 66 rainy days and 153 centimeters rainfall on an average per annum. Most of the rainfall is confined to the months from June to October due to south west monsoon. Mercury rises upto 47 degree C during May with intolerable heat wave and falls as low as 11.8 degree C during December with extreme cold. History The history of Sambalpur, as depicted by eminent historians, is full of events including Indian freedom struggle representing the different sections of society. Sambalpur is an ancient district of India, which survived even in the prehistoric age and holds a very important place in the history of Orissa and India. Sambalpur is mentioned in the book of Ptolemy (Claudius Ptolemaist) as Sambalaka on the left bank of river "Manada", now known as Mahanadi, other evidence are available from the records of Huan Tsang and in the writings of the celebrated King Indrabhuti of Sambalaka of Odra Desha or Oddiyan (oldest known king of Sambalpur), the founder of Vajrayana Buddhism and the Lama cult. He has written the book Jnanasiddhi.French merchant Jean Baptiste Tavernier (1605–1689) in his travel account wrote about the numerous famous diamond mines of Sumelpur (Semelpur), the present day Sambalpur. He states that, 8,000 people were at work in these mines at the time of his visit, in the dry season at the beginning of February. Vajrayana Buddhism Although it is generally accepted that Tantric Buddhism first developed in the country of Uddiyana or Odra Desha under King Indrabhuti, there is an old and well known scholarly dispute as to whether Uddiyana or Odra was in the Swat valley, Orissa or some other place. Indrabhuti, the oldest known king of Sambalpur founded Vajrayana while his sister who was married to Yuvaraja Jalendra of Lankapuri (Subarnapura) founded Sahajayana. These new Tantric cults of Buddhism introduced Mantra, Mudra and Mandala along with six Tantric Abhicharas (practices) such as Marana, Stambhana, Sammohana, Vidvesan, Uchchatana and Vajikarana. The Tantric Buddhist sects made efforts to raise the dignity of the lowest of the low of the society to a higher plane. It revived primitive beliefs and practices a simpler and less formal approach to the personal god, a liberal and respectful attitude towards women and denial of caste system. From the seventh century A.D. onwards many popular religious elements of heterogeneous nature were incorporated into Mahayana Buddhism which finally resulted in the origin of Vajrayana, Kalachakrayana and Sahajayana Tantric Buddhism. Tantric Buddhism first developed in Uddiyana, a country which was divided into two kingdoms Sambhala' and Lankapuri. Sambhala has been identified with Sambalpur and Lankapuri with Subarnapura (Sonepur). The Leaning Temple of Huma The Leaning Temple of Huma is located about 25 km from Sambalpur. The 17th century temple of Huma leans at an approximate angle of 47 degrees to the west. Samaleswari Temple This is the main temple of Goddess Samaleswari, located on the banks of river Mahanadi. Sambalpur owes its name to her. Ghanteswari Temple Located 33 kilometres south-west of Sambalpur and on the bank of river Mahanadi, this temple played an important role for navigation in the past. It was called a light house without a light. A temple also existed here, of Goddess Ghanteswari from whom the place got its name. Earlier there were some large bells on this spot and with the help of wind those created enormous sound which made the navigators aware of this treacherous spot. This area being the conglomeration of three streams of water of the Mahanadi River, the water current here is very dangerous forming a whirlpool. Here the wind blows quite heavily which caused the bells to produce sound. The specialty of this temple area is thousands of bells hanging everywhere, the only place of its kind in Orissa. By Premji
You've got a destination in mind and you're just about ready to book your tickets. Possibly the most stressful part in your dream vacation planning is obtaining a visa. You'll be surprised to know that there are more than 50 countries where you can just land up and get a visa stamped on arrival. ASIAFor Indians, the easiest and most convenient destinations lie in Asia. From the shopping paradise of Thailand to the little-known-wonder Laos, visa on arrival is also offered in Cambodia, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Jordan, Nepal, Maldives, Macau, Sri Lanka and Timor Leste. AFRICAAfrica's natural history alone would make a dozen visits here worthwhile! Fall asleep to the sounds of birds and be a part of the spectacular scenery that Ethiopia and Madagascar offer. The other African countries that offer visa on arrival are the Kenya, Djibouti, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritius, Tanzania, Uganda, Burundi, Cape Verde, Comoros and Togo. ?In Mozambique, Indians can obtain a visa on arrival for a maximum stay of 30 days at Beira, Nampula, Maputo, Pemba and Tete, provided they are holding a return/onward ticket. Visitors are also required to hold proof of sufficient funds to cover their stay and documents required for their next destination. In Seychelles, visitors can obtain a "Visitor's Permit" on arrival for a maximum period of 3 months, if holding a return ticket (if not, then a return ticket must be purchased on arrival); sufficient funds (minimum of USD 150 or equivalent per day); and proof of accommodation during stay. NORTH AMERICAMusic, beaches and towering forests are things to look forward to in North America. Visa-on-arrival is offered to Indians in Jamaica, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, El Salvador, Saint Kitts and Nevis and St Lucia. SOUTH AMERICAHead to South America and you'd be greeted with colonial towns and white sandy beaches. Only Bolivia and Guyana offer a visa on arrival for Indians. OCEANIA COUNTRIESOceania is the region centered on the islands of the tropical Pacific Ocean. Currently four island nations offer Indians a visa on arrival. These are Fiji, Samoa, Nauru and Tuvalu. Besides the countries mentioned above, Indians can also obtain visa-on arrival in the following countries subject to them being pre-cleared before arrival in the country. Pre-trip formalities vary from country to country: please check the relevant embassy website for details. These countries are Cameroon, Congo DR, Eritrea, Gabon, Ghana, Iran, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Liberia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Sierra Leone, Suriname, Turkmenistan and Vietnam. VISA CHECKLIST:For obtaining a visa on arrival, visitors would typically need to furnish return flight tickets, proof of hotel reservations, evidence of sufficient funds to cover their stay, passport sized photographs, a passport with adequate empty pages and the money for fee if required by the country.
Berlin is most beautiful city with great history, modern lifestyle and lively nightlife, along with amazing cafes, clubs, bars, street art, museums, palaces and other historic attractions. It is considered as one of the most vibrant and exciting cities in the world, which it will attract tourists from different parts of the world for its diverse architecture, richest culture, lively nightlife, art, amazing museums, palaces, modern arts and high quality of living. Most of the tourists visit Berlin to enjoy Christmas Festival and New Year celebrations in December month. Berlin will attract several million tourists every year to watch great historical monuments such as the old buildings of Mitte, the Berlin Wall, Checkpoint Charlie, the Brandenburg Gate and Potsdamer Platz. Brandenburg Gate is well known for its greatest landmarks of Germany with great history. Museum Island is most visited place in the city, which it is surrounded several notable museums like Bode Museum, Alte Nationalgalerie, Altes Museum, Neues Museum and Pergamon Museum. Alte Nationalgalerie museum is famous place to watch ancient history of 19th century collections of sculpture and paintings. It is equipped with all the ancient Greek, Roman artifacts and all the wonderful treasures of the royal family.
Most of the tourists visit Madrid to enjoy fabulous night life located on the northeast of the geographical center of the Iberian Peninsula. It will attract more than 15 million tourists every year. It is considered as one of the most prominent destination in Europe for its museums, historical places, rich history, shopping malls and Art Galleries. It will be an amazing experience to spend Christmas Festival in Madrid. Madrid–Barajas Airport is major airport in the city, which it serves several million visitors from all around the world and it is well known as one of the busiest airport in Europe. Tourists excited to take part in mountain climbing and hiking near the mountains of Sierra Nevada in the south. Madrid is equipped with vast number of museums Museo Nacional de Antropología, National Archaeological Museum of Spain, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Museo Nacional de Artes Decorativas, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Thyssen-Bornemisza and Palacio Real de Madrid and Prado Museum. Most of the tourists arrive from China, West Africa, North Africa, India, Pakistan and Latin American.Visitors visit to the city to enjoy nightlife in night clubs, lively clubs, DJ’s, live music entertainment and bars. Madrid theme Parks, the Warner Bros Park and the Parque de Atracciones are must visit places for family tourists along with kids to enjoy vast number of fun activities.
Singapore is major tourists attraction in South Asia and it is most popular cosmopolitan city prominently known for skyscrapers and subways of a modern, rich city with a mixture of Chinese, Malay and Indian influences and a tropical climate, with tasty food, good shopping and a vibrant night-life scene. Singapore is most famous for shopping near the Riverside, the new Marina Bay area and it also packed with the skyscraper-filled Shenton way financial district known, as the CBD (Central Business District). Most of the European tourists visit Singapore to enjoy beach holidays in three beaches on Sentosa or its southern islands. Chinatown for Chinese treats, Little India for Indian delicious flavors, Kampong Glam will provide tasty Malay/Arab styles and East Coast for delicious seafood, including the famous chili and black pepper crab. Singapore cuisine is packed with mixed culture of a unique mix of Malay, Chinese, Indian and Western elements, where tourists can also find other famous cuisines like Japanese, Thai, Italian, French, American and other food in this city-state. Taste the most popular Singaporean dishes plate of chilli crab, Katong laksa, with chilli paste and chopped laksa leaf in a spoon and Satay with peanut sauce, onions and cucumber followed by other famous choices coming from Indian, Chinese and Western cuisines.